Lockable Resources

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This plugin allows defining lockable resources (such as printers, phones, computers, etc.) that can be used by builds. If a build requires a resource which is already locked, it will wait for the resource to be free.


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Adding lockable resources

  1. In Manage Jenkins > Configure System go to Lockable Resources Manager
  2. Select Add Lockable Resource

Each lockable resource has the following properties:

  • Name - A mandatory name (not containing spaces!) for this particular resource, i.e. DK_Printer_ColorA3_2342
  • Description - Optional verbose description of this particular resource, i.e. Printers in the Danish Office
  • Labels - Optional space-delimited list of Labels (A label can not containing spaces) used to identify a pool of resources. i.e. DK_Printers_Office Country:DK device:printer, DK_Printer_Production, DK_Printer_Engineering
  • Reserved by - Optional reserved / locked cause. If non-empty, the resource will be unavailable for jobs. i.e. All printers are currently not available due to maintenance. This option is still possible, but we recommend to use the page <jenkinsRootUrl>/lockable-resources/

A resource is always the one thing that is locked (or free or reserved). It exists once and has an unique name (if we take the hardware example, this may be office_printer_14). Every resource can have multiple labels (the printer could be labeled dot-matrix-printer, in-office-printer, a4-printer, etc.). All resources with the same label form a "pool", so if you try to lock an a4-printer, one of the resources with the label a4-printer will be locked when it is available. If all resources with the label a4-printer are in use, your job waits until one is available. This is similar to nodes and node labels.

Using a resource in a freestyle job

When configuring the job, select This build requires lockable resources. Please see the help item for each field for details.

Using a resource in a pipeline job

When the lock step is used in a Pipeline, if the resource to be locked isn't already defined in the Jenkins global configuration, an ephemeral resource is used: These resources only exist as long as any running build is referencing them.


Acquire lock

Example for scripted pipeline:

echo 'Starting'
lock('my-resource-name') {
  echo 'Do something here that requires unique access to the resource'
  // any other build will wait until the one locking the resource leaves this block
echo 'Finish'

Example for declarative pipeline:

pipeline {
  agent any

  stages {
    stage("Build") {
      steps {
        lock(label: 'printer', quantity: 1, resource : null) {
          echo 'printer locked'

Take first position in queue

lock(resource: 'staging-server', inversePrecedence: true) {
    node {
        servers.deploy 'staging'
    input message: "Does ${jettyUrl}staging/ look good?"

It is not allowed to mixed inversePrecedence and priority.

start time job resource inversePrecedence
00:01 j1 resource1 false
00:02 j2 resource1 false
00:03 j3 resource1 true
00:04 j4 resource1 false
00:05 j5 resource1 true
00:06 j6 resource1 false

Resulting lock order: j1 -> j5 -> j3 -> j2 -> j4 -> j6

lock (queue) priority

lock(resource: 'staging-server', priority: 10) {
    node {
        servers.deploy 'staging'
    input message: "Does ${jettyUrl}staging/ look good?"
start time job resource priority
00:01 j1 resource1 0
00:02 j2 resource1 <default == 0>
00:03 j3 resource1 -1
00:04 j4 resource1 10
00:05 j5 resource1 -2
00:06 j6 resource1 100

Resulting lock order: j1 -> j6 -> j4 -> j2 -> j3 -> j5

Resolve a variable configured with the resource name and properties

lock(label: 'some_resource', variable: 'LOCKED_RESOURCE') {

When multiple locks are acquired, each will be assigned to a numbered variable:

lock(label: 'some_resource', variable: 'LOCKED_RESOURCE', quantity: 2) {
  // comma separated names of all acquired locks

  // first lock

  // second lock

Skip executing the block if there is a queue

lock(resource: 'some_resource', skipIfLocked: true) {
  echo 'Do something now or never!'

Detailed documentation can be found as part of the Pipeline Steps documentation.

Jenkins label parser allows sophisticated filtering

The plugin uses the Jenkins-internal label parser for filtering lockable resources. A full list of supported operators and syntax examples can be found in the official documentation.

lock(label: 'labelA && labelB', variable : 'someVar') {
    echo 'labelA && labelB acquired by: ' + env.someVar;

lock(label: 'labelA || labelB', variable : 'someVar') {
    echo 'labelA || labelB acquired by: ' + env.someVar;

lock(label: 'labelA || labelB || labelC', variable : 'someVar', quantity : 100) {
    echo 'labelA || labelB || labelC acquired by: ' + env.someVar;

Multiple resource lock

lock(label: 'label1', extra: [[resource: 'resource1']]) {
	echo 'Do something now or never!'
echo 'Finish'
  variable: 'var',
  extra: [
    [resource: 'resource4'],
    [resource: 'resource2'],
    [label: 'label1', quantity: 2]
) {
  def lockedResources = env.var.split(',').sort()
  echo "Resources locked: ${lockedResources}"
echo 'Finish'

More examples are here.

Node mirroring

Lockable resources plugin allow to mirror nodes (agents) into lockable resources. This eliminate effort by re-creating resources on every node change.

That means when you create new node, it will be also created new lockable-resource with the same name. When the node has been deleted, lockable-resource will be deleted too.

Following properties are mirrored:

  • name.
  • labels. Please note, that labels still contains node-name self.
  • description.

To allow this behavior start jenkins with option -Dorg.jenkins.plugins.lockableresources.ENABLE_NODE_MIRROR=true or run this groovy code.

System.setProperty("org.jenkins.plugins.lockableresources.ENABLE_NODE_MIRROR", "true");

Note: When the node has been deleted, during the lockable-resource is locked / reserved / queued, then the lockable-resource will be NOT deleted.

Improve performance

To be safe thread over all jobs and resources, need to be all operations synchronized. This might lead to slow down your jobs. The jenkins self, has low CPU usage, but your jobs are very slow. Why?

The most time are spend to write the lockable-resources states into local file system. This is important to get the correct state after Jenkins reboots.

To eliminate this saving time has been added a property DISABLE_SAVE.

  • The best way is to use it with JCaC plugin. So you are sure, you have still correct resources on Jenkins start.
  • When you set pipeline durability level to PERFORMANCE_OPTIMIZED, it makes also sense to set this property to true.

Note: Keep in mind, that you will lost all your manual changes!

Note: This option is experimental. It has been tested in many scenarios, but no body know.

To allow this behavior start jenkins with option -Dorg.jenkins.plugins.lockableresources.DISABLE_SAVE=true or run this groovy code.

System.setProperty("org.jenkins.plugins.lockableresources.DISABLE_SAVE", "true");

Detailed lock cause

Tle plugin step lock() will inform you in the build log detailed block cause. The size of cause depends on count of ordered resources and size of current queue. To eliminate big unreadable logs we limited the size. To see all cause change the properties as follow:

System.setProperty("org.jenkins.plugins.lockableresources.PRINT_BLOCKED_RESOURCE", "-1");
System.setProperty("org.jenkins.plugins.lockableresources.PRINT_QUEUE_INFO", "-1");

PRINT_BLOCKED_RESOURCE means how many of ordered resources are printed. Per default 2. PRINT_QUEUE_INFO how many queue items are printed. Per default 2.

0 means disabled -1 means all / unlimited.

Configuration as Code

This plugin can be configured via Configuration-as-Code.

Example configuration

      - name: "S7_1200_1"
        description: "S7 PLC model 1200"
        labels: "plc:S7 model:1200"
        reservedBy: "Reserved due maintenance window"
      - name: "S7_1200_2"
        labels: "plc:S7 model:1200"
      - name: "Resource-with-properties"
          - name: "Property-A"
            value: "Value"

Properties description, labels and reservedBy are optional.

lockable-resources overview

The page <jenkinsRootUrl>/lockable-resources/ provides an overview over all lockable-resources.


Provides an status overview over all resources and actions to change resource status.

Name Permission Description
Reserve RESERVE Reserves an available resource for currently logged user indefinitely (until that person, or some explicit scripted action, decides to release the resource).
Unreserve RESERVE Un-reserves a resource that may be reserved by some person already. The user can unreserve only own resource. Administrator can unreserve any resource.
Unlock UNLOCK Unlocks a resource that may be or not be locked by some job (or reserved by some user) already.
Steal lock STEAL Reserves a resource that may be or not be locked by some job (or reserved by some user) already. Giving it away to currently logged user indefinitely (until that person, or some explicit scripted action, later decides to release the resource).
Reassign STEAL Reserves a resource that may be or not be reserved by some person already. Giving it away to currently logged user indefinitely (until that person, or some explicit scripted action, decides to release the resource).
Reset UNLOCK Reset a resource that may be reserved, locked or queued.
Note RESERVE Add or edit resource note.


Provides an overview over all lockable-resources labels.

Note: Please keep in mind, that lockable-resource-label is not the same as node-label!


Provides an overview over currently queued requests. A request is queued by the pipeline step lock(). When the requested resource(s) is currently in use (not free), then any new request for this resource will be added into the queue.

A resource may be requested by:

  • name, such as in lock('ABC') { ... }
  • label, such as in lock(label : 'COFFEE_MACHINE')

Note: Please keep in mind that groovy expressions are currently supported only in free-style jobs. Free-style jobs do not update this queue and therefore can not be shown in this view.

Note: An empty value in the column 'Requested at' means that this build has been started in an older plugin version - 1117.v157231b_03882 and early. In this case we cannot recognize the timestamp.

Upgrading from 1102.vde5663d777cf

Due an issue is not possible anymore to read resource-labels from the config file org.jenkins.plugins.lockableresources.LockableResourcesManager.xml, which is generated in the release 1102.vde5663d777cf

This issue does not effect instances configured by Configuration-as-Code plugin.

A possible solution is to remove the <string> tags from your org.jenkins.plugins.lockableresources.LockableResourcesManager.xml config file manually, before you upgrade to new version (Keep in mind that a backup is still good idea).


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Report an Issue

Please report issues and enhancements through the Jenkins issue tracker in GitHub


Contributions are welcome, please refer to the separate CONTRIBUTING document for details on how to proceed! Join Gitter channel to discuss your ideas with the community.


All source code is licensed under the MIT license. See LICENSE