OpenTelemetry

Build Status Contributors Jenkins Plugin GitHub release Jenkins Plugin Installs Otel SDK

Introduction

Monitor and observe Jenkins with OpenTelemetry.

Visualize jobs and pipelines executions as distributed traces:

SpringBootPipeline Execution Trace

Example pipeline execution trace of a SpringBoot Maven going application

Visualize Jenkins and pipeline health indicators:

Example Kibana dashboard of the Jenkins and CI jobs health

Example Kibana dashboard of the Jenkins and CI jobs health

Troubleshoot Jenkins performances with distributed tracing of HTTPs requests:

Jenkins HTTP request trace with Jaeger

Example Jenkins HTTP trace

Architecture

Using the OpenTelemetry Collector, you can use many monitoring backends to monitor Jenkins such as Jaeger, Zipkin, Prometheus, Elastic Observability and many others listed here.

Here are example architectures with Elastic, Jaeger, and Prometheus:

CI/CD Observability with Jaeger and Prometheus CI/CD Observability with Elastic
Jenkins monitoring with Jaeger and Prometheus Jenkins monitoring with Elastic Observability

Getting started

  • Set up an OpenTelemetry endpoint such as the OpenTelemetry Collector
  • Install the Jenkins OpenTelemetry plugin
  • Configure the Jenkins OpenTelemetry plugin navigating to the "Manage Jenkins / Configure System" screen. In the OpenTelemetry section define:
    • "OTLP Endpoint": the hostname and port of the OpenTelemetry GRPC Protocol (OTLP GRPC) endpoint, typically an OpenTelemetry Collector or directly an Observability backend that supports the OTLP GRPC protocol
    • "Authentication": authentication mechanism used by your OTLP Endpoint
      • "Header Authentication" : name of the authentication header if header based authentication is used.
      • "Bearer Token Authentication": Bearer token when using header based authentication. Note that Elastic APM token authentication uses a "Bearer Token Authentication".
      • "No Authentication"
    • Check "Export OpenTelemetry configuration as environment variables" to easily integrate visibility in other build tools (see the otel-cli, the OpenTelemetry Maven extension, the OpenTelemetry Ansible integration...)
    • Visualization: add the backend used to visualize job executions as traces.
      • Elastic Observability
      • Jaeger
      • Zipkin
      • Custom Observability backend for other visualization solutions
  • Set up Jenkins health dashboards on your OpenTelemetry metrics visualization solution. See details including guidance for Elastic Kibana here.

Sample Configuration

Example Jenkins OpenTelemetry configuration

Setup and Configuration

For details to set up Jenkins with Elastic, Jaeger or Prometheus, to configure the integration including using Jenkins Configuration as Code, see Setup and Configuration.

Troubleshooting and Optimizing Jenkins Jobs and Pipelines Using Tracing on the Builds

For details on how to explore and troubleshoot jobs and pipelines builds as traces, see Traces of Jobs and Pipeline Builds.

SpringBootPipeline Execution Trace

Example pipeline execution trace of a SpringBoot app built with Maven going through security checks with Snyk, deployed on a Maven repository and published as a Docker image

Troubleshooting Jenkins Performances Using Tracing on the HTTP Requests of the Jenkins Controller

For details to set up Jenkins with Elastic, Jaeger or Prometheus, to configure the integration including using Jenkins Configuration as Code, see Setup and Configuration.

Jenkins Security

Monitor access to Jenkins to detect anomalous behaviours.

For details, see the security logs, metrics, and trace attributes here.

Storing Jenkins Pipeline Logs in an Observability Backend

For details on how to store Jenkins pipelines build logs in an Observability backend like Elastic, see Storing Jenkins Pipeline Logs in an Observability Backend though OpenTelemetry.

Storing Jenkins pipeline logs in Elasticsearch and visualizing logs both in Kibana and through Jenkins GUI

Storing Jenkins pipeline logs in Elasticsearch and visualizing logs both in Kibana and through Jenkins GUI

Other CI/CD Tools supporting OpenTelemetry traces

List of other CI/CD tools that support OpenTelemetry traces and integrate with the Jenkins OpenTelemetryPlugin creating a distributed traces providing end to end visibility.

OpenTelemetry Maven Extension

The OpenTelemetry Maven Extension is a Maven extension to instrument with traces steps of Maven builds, including capturing details of the produced artifacts for traceability.

ℹ️ For seamless and turnkey integration of the trace of the Maven builds that use the OpenTelemetry Maven Extension with the Jenkins trace, consider in the Jenkins configuration to enable "Export OpenTelemetry configuration as environment variables".

OpenTelemetry Ansible Plugin

The OpenTelemetry Ansible Plugin is an Ansible callback to instrument with traces the tasks of Ansible playbooks.

ℹ️ For seamless and turnkey integration of the trace of the Ansible playbooks that use the OpenTelemetry plugin with the Jenkins trace, consider in the Jenkins configuration to enable "Export OpenTelemetry configuration as environment variables".

pytest-otel

The PyTest Otel Plugin is a PyTest plugin to report each PyTest test as a span of a trace.

ℹ️ For seamless and turnkey integration of the trace of the PyTest tests that use the OpenTelemetry plugin with the Jenkins trace, consider in the Jenkins configuration to enable "Export OpenTelemetry configuration as environment variables".

Otel CLI

The otel-cli is a command line wrapper to observe the execution of a shell command as an OpenTelemetry trace.

FAQ

Enrich your pipeline sh, bat, and powershell steps with meaningful explanation thanks to labels

If you use Jenkins pipelines in conjunction with the sh, bat, powershell steps, then it's highly recommended using the label argument to add a meaningful explanation thanks to step labels. Example:

node {
    sh(label: 'Maven verify', script: './mvnw deploy')
}

Using the OpenTelemetry OTLP/HTTP rather than OTLP/GRPC protocol

Navigate to the Jenkins OpenTelemetry Plugin configuration, in the "Advanced" section, add to the "Configuration Properties text area the following:

otel.exporter.otlp.protocol=http/protobuf

Learn More

Demos

If you'd like to see this plugin in action with some other integrations then refer to the demos.

Contributing

Refer to our contribution guidelines

LICENSE

Licensed under Apache Software License 2, see LICENSE