Deprecated: Users should migrate from "legacy" job definitions to
which generally offers a better way of checking out from multiple
SCMs, and is supported by the Jenkins core development team.
This plugin allows a Jenkins job to check out sources from multiple SCM providers. It is useful for legacy job types (e.g. freestyle) which need to construct a workspace from several unrelated repositories, but does not intend to support Pipeline jobs and is not needed there (a series of
checkout steps with an argument or a wrapping
dir step for dedicated checkout directory can fulfill that role).
Development of this plugin is essentially frozen, and its ability to do work may have relied on capabilities of various SCM and Branch Source plugins, some of which are known to have obsoleted or removed the code for those capabilities.
This plugin requires gradle in order to build. See: https://github.com/jenkinsci/gradle-jpi-plugin/#usage
If you have gradle version 6 or newer installed locally, you can just build with
gradle jpi. For Ubuntu/Debian like systems, current distros do not provide a recent enough version of the tool, but an alternate PPA works: https://computingforgeeks.com/install-gradle-on-ubuntu-debian-from-ppa/
One of the ways to do a local build in docker (e.g. if preparing a PR) is:
:; git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:jenkinsci/multiple-scms-plugin.git
:; cd multiple-scms-plugin
:; docker run --rm -u root -v "$PWD":/home/gradle/project -w /home/gradle/project gradle gradle build
This plugin is more of a proof-of-concept than a robust and fully functional component. It does work in my particular build environment, and is meant to serve as a demonstration of what might be possible with more work. It was inspired by JENKINS-7155 requesting multiple repository checkouts for Mercurial similar to what is possible with the Subversion plugin. It's currently implemented as a plugin, but if enough people find it useful, I think the idea would work better in the Jenkins core.
We are a small team and have been using Subversion which has been adequate for our needs. However, I wanted to experiment with distributed VCS systems, so I tried using Mercurial for a medium-sided update to one of our projects and enjoyed it very much. Everything went great until I got to the Jenkins build part. Our projects are small to mid-sized and are usually structured like:
The in-house library is built by an upstream job, but the 3rd-party dependencies are checked out as part of the build. With subversion, we could check each one out individually, and initially I thought this is what I wanted for Mercurial as well. However, quite often we have the entire source for the library checked in, but the build really only needs a single dll or jar. Since Mercurial doesn't support partial clones, it now seems better to leave these in subversion since they're rarely changed and we can check out just the parts needed during a build.
I googled for solutions, but the ones I found all seemed to have limitations compared to the working and adequate subversion solution:
- Script the dependency checkouts as part of the build. This would work and would be easy, but changes to third party libraries would not automatically trigger a build or be included in the change log.
- Have an upstream job to check out the dependencies. This could work, but it sounded tedious to set up and maintain, and would clutter the job list with lots of superfluous jobs.
- Mercurial forests/subrepos. The general feel I got was that the forest extension is not actively supported, and subrepos are not yet supported by the Mercurial plugin. Furthermore, this would require changes to how we structure our code. If we were a bigger shop, this would probably be worthwhile, but for me it seemed like more maintenance.
- Just leave everything in subversion and live with it. The easiest of all, but loses all the benefits of DVCS (however minimal for a team our size).
In the SCM section of the Jenkins job configuration screen, choose 'Multiple SCMs'. You'll then see a drop-down list of the available SCM plugins which can be configured similar to the way build steps are configured for a freestyle job. When chosen, each SCM plugin will present its normal set of configuration options.
Make sure each SCM checkout is done in a separate sub-directory of the workspace to avoid conflicts between the SCM providers. If using Mercurial, this option is hidden in the 'Advanced' section, so don't forget to configure it.
If changing the SCM provider for an existing job, I recommend wiping out the workspace.
- Currently tested only with Mercurial and Subversion plugins, as that is what I use locally. Many other users succeeded with Git (GitHub, BitBucket) SCM sources as well.
- Post-commit type triggers don't currently work (at least for subversion), so it is necessary to configure 'cron' type polling.
- Repository browser configuration is also not supported in the current version.
- I haven't tested any pre/post build tagging type operations, although they will probably work.
- I also haven't tested master/slave configurations. This might work if the underlying SCM plugins support this mode of operation.
The implementation was easier than I originally expected, and learned a lot along the way. It basically serves as a proxy between Jenkins and existing SCM plugins. The job configuration panel uses a hetero-list similar to the build steps section. That way, all the configuration options are handled by the real SCM plugins. For the actual SCM functions, it pretty much just iterates over each configured SCM plugin and forwards the request. There is some messiness in dealing with changelogs, but it's not too bad.
- Escape possible XML in SCM keys when logging
- Various fixes to build-related files and notes
- Update to modern Jenkins GUI elements (table-to-div migration) which requires a Jenkins core 2.264 or newer
- Various build system modernization to be able to publish the release
- Documentation imported into plugin source from the obsoleted Wiki
- Fix SCM polling (JENKINS-25253)
- Export environment variables from each SCM, instead of using only the variables from the last SCM (JENKINS-30709)
- Fix repository browser
- Fix usage with Subversion plugin version 2.5 (JENKINS-26303)
- Fix ChangeLog across multiple git repositories (JENKINS-25131)
- Support for updated SCM API in Jenkins 1.568+.
Changes not recorded.
- Fix ChangeLog parsing for subversion (and possibly others). Extracted log component had an extra newline at the top of the file which made parsing fail if the document contained an
- JENKINS-7155, JENKINS-12298 Allow polling to work with multiple instances of a single SCM type (Thanks to Jesse Glick).
getKind()to possibly allow other clients (such as NetBeans IDE) to parse the change logs (Thanks to Jesse Glick).
- Add override of
getModuleRoots()to return the union of all contained SCMs module roots.
- For SCM implementations that add
SCMRevisionStateactions to the build, these are now correctly recorded in the build, so subsequent polling works correctly.
- Forward requests for build environment variables to the contained SCMs. Fixes missing
MERCURIAL_REVISIONand possibly others depending on SCM plugins used.
- Initial release