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Generic Webhook Trigger
1.48Minimum Jenkins requirement: 2.7.4ID: generic-webhook-trigger

This plugin allows any webhook to trigger a build in Jenkins with variables contributed from the JSON/XML.

Build Status

This is a Jenkins plugin that can:

  1. Receive any HTTP request, JENKINS_URL/generic-webhook-trigger/invoke
  2. Extract values
  • From POST content with JSONPath or XPath
  • From the query parameters
  • From the headers
  1. Trigger a build with those values contribute as variables

There is an optional feature to trigger jobs only if a supplied regular expression matches the extracted variables. Here is an example, let's say the post content looks like this:

{
  "before": "1848f1236ae15769e6b31e9c4477d8150b018453",
  "after": "5cab18338eaa83240ab86c7b775a9b27b51ef11d",
  "ref": "refs/heads/develop"
}

Then you can have a variable, resolved from post content, named ref of type JSONPath and with expression like $.ref . The optional filter text can be set to $ref and the filter regexp set to ^(refs/heads/develop|refs/heads/feature/.+)$ to trigger builds only for develop and feature-branches.

There are more examples of use cases here.

It can trigger on any webhook, like:

The original use case was to build merge/pull requests. You may use the Git Plugin as described in this blog post to do that. There is also an example of this on the Violation Comments to GitLab Plugin page.

You may want to report back to the invoking system. HTTP Request Plugin is a very convenient plugin for that.

If a node is selected, then all leafs in that node will be contributed. If a leaf is selected, then only that leaf will be contributed.

Trigger only specific job

When using the plugin in several jobs, you will have the same URL trigger all jobs. If you want to trigger only a certain job you can:

  • Use the token-parameter have different tokens for different jobs. Using only the token means only jobs with that exact token will be visible for that request. This will increase performance and reduce responses of each invocation.
  • Or, add some request parameter (or header, or post content) and use the regexp filter to trigger only if that parameter has a specific value.

Token parameter

There is a special token parameter. When supplied, the invocation will only trigger jobs with that exact token. The token also allows invocations without any other authentication credentials.

Parameter

The token can be supplied as a:

Troubleshooting

If you are fiddling with expressions, you may want to checkout:

It's probably easiest to do with curl. Given that you have configured a Jenkins job to trigger on Generic Webhook, here are some examples of how to start the jobs.

curl -vs http://localhost:8080/jenkins/generic-webhook-trigger/invoke 2>&1

This should start your job, if the job has no token configured and no security enabled. If you have security enabled you may need to authenticate:

curl -vs http://theusername:thepasssword@localhost:8080/jenkins/generic-webhook-trigger/invoke 2>&1

If your job has a token you don't need to supply other credentials. You can specify the token like this:

curl -vs http://localhost:8080/jenkins/generic-webhook-trigger/invoke?token=TOKEN_HERE 2>&1

If you want to trigger with token and some post content, curl can dot that like this.

curl -v -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{ "app":{ "name":"some value" }}' http://localhost:8080/jenkins/generic-webhook-trigger/invoke?token=TOKEN_HERE

Screenshots

Generic trigger

If you need the resolved values in pre build steps, like git clone, you need to add a parameter with the same name as the variable.

Parameter

Job DSL Plugin

This plugin can be used with the Job DSL Plugin. There is also an example int he Violation Comments to GitLab Plugin wiki page.

Job DSL supports injecting credenials when processing the DSL. You can use that if you want the token to be set from credentials.

job('Generic Job Example') {
 parameters {
  stringParam('VARIABLE_FROM_POST', '')
 }

 triggers {
  genericTrigger {
   genericVariables {
    genericVariable {
     key("VARIABLE_FROM_POST")
     value("\$.something")
     expressionType("JSONPath") //Optional, defaults to JSONPath
     regexpFilter("") //Optional, defaults to empty string
     defaultValue("") //Optional, defaults to empty string
    }
   }
   genericRequestVariables {
    genericRequestVariable {
     key("requestParameterName")
     regexpFilter("")
    }
   }
   genericHeaderVariables {
    genericHeaderVariable {
     key("requestHeaderName")
     regexpFilter("")
    }
   }
   token('abc123')
   printContributedVariables(true)
   printPostContent(true)
   regexpFilterText("\$VARIABLE_FROM_POST")
   regexpFilterExpression("aRegExp")
  }
 }

 steps {
  shell('''
echo $VARIABLE_FROM_POST
echo $requestParameterName
echo $requestHeaderName
 ''')
 }
}

Pipeline Multibranch

This plugin can be used with the Pipeline Multibranch Plugin. Here is an example:

You can use the credentials plugin to provide the token from credentials.

withCredentials([string(credentialsId: 'mycredentialsid', variable: 'credentialsVariable')]) {
 properties([
  pipelineTriggers([
   [$class: 'GenericTrigger',
    ...
    token: credentialsVariable,
    ...
   ]
  ])
 ])
}

Perhaps you want a different token for each job.

 properties([
  pipelineTriggers([
   [$class: 'GenericTrigger',
    ...
    token: env.JOB_NAME,
    ...
   ]
  ])
 ])

Or have a credentials string prefixed with the job name.

withCredentials([string(credentialsId: 'mycredentialsid', variable: 'credentialsVariable')]) {
 properties([
  pipelineTriggers([
   [$class: 'GenericTrigger',
    ...
    token: env.JOB_NAME + credentialsVariable,
    ...
   ]
  ])
 ])
}

With a scripted Jenkinsfile like this:

node {
 properties([
  pipelineTriggers([
   [$class: 'GenericTrigger',
    genericVariables: [
     [key: 'ref', value: '$.ref'],
     [
      key: 'before',
      value: '$.before',
      expressionType: 'JSONPath', //Optional, defaults to JSONPath
      regexpFilter: '', //Optional, defaults to empty string
      defaultValue: '' //Optional, defaults to empty string
     ]
    ],
    genericRequestVariables: [
     [key: 'requestWithNumber', regexpFilter: '[^0-9]'],
     [key: 'requestWithString', regexpFilter: '']
    ],
    genericHeaderVariables: [
     [key: 'headerWithNumber', regexpFilter: '[^0-9]'],
     [key: 'headerWithString', regexpFilter: '']
    ],
     
    causeString: 'Triggered on $ref',
    
    token: 'abc123',
    
    printContributedVariables: true,
    printPostContent: true,
    
    regexpFilterText: '$ref',
    regexpFilterExpression: 'refs/heads/' + BRANCH_NAME
   ]
  ])
 ])

 stage("build") {
  sh '''
 echo Variables from shell:
 echo ref $ref
 echo before $before
 echo requestWithNumber $requestWithNumber
 echo requestWithString $requestWithString
 echo headerWithNumber $headerWithNumber
 echo headerWithString $headerWithString
 '''
 }
}

With a declarative Jenkinsfile like this:

pipeline {
  agent any
  triggers {
    GenericTrigger(
     genericVariables: [
      [key: 'ref', value: '$.ref']
     ],
     
     causeString: 'Triggered on $ref',
     
     token: 'abc123',
     
     printContributedVariables: true,
     printPostContent: true,
    
     regexpFilterText: '$ref',
     regexpFilterExpression: 'refs/heads/' + BRANCH_NAME
    )
  }
  stages {
    stage('Some step') {
      steps {
        sh "echo $ref"
      }
    }
  }
}

It can be triggered with something like:

curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "headerWithNumber: nbr123" -H "headerWithString: a b c" -d '{ "before": "1848f12", "after": "5cab1", "ref": "refs/heads/develop" }' -vs http://admin:admin@localhost:8080/jenkins/generic-webhook-trigger/invoke?requestWithNumber=nbr%20123\&requestWithString=a%20string

And the job will have this in the log:

Contributing variables:

    headerWithString_0 = a b c
    requestWithNumber_0 = 123
    ref = refs/heads/develop
    headerWithNumber = 123
    requestWithNumber = 123
    before = 1848f12
    requestWithString_0 = a string
    headerWithNumber_0 = 123
    headerWithString = a b c
    requestWithString = a string


Changelog

https://github.com/jenkinsci/generic-webhook-trigger-plugin/blob/master/CHANGELOG.md

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